Skip to main content

Our practice is right by Target & Rosa’s Café at 4109 North Midland Dr. Midland, TX 79707

Home » What's New » 3 Ways Diabetes Can Affect Your Vision and Eyes

3 Ways Diabetes Can Affect Your Vision and Eyes

Diabetes-2_640x350

Did you know that people with diabetes are 20 times more likely to get eye diseases than those without it? There are three major eye conditions that diabetics are at risk for developing: cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy. To prevent these sight-threatening diseases, it's important to control your blood sugar level and have your eyes checked at least once a year by an eye doctor. 

But First, What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that is associated with high blood glucose levels. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps our cells get energy from the sugars we eat. Diabetes develops when the body doesn't produce or respond to insulin effectively, leaving too much sugar in the blood stream instead. Over time, diabetes can lead to potentially irreversible ocular damage and poor eyesight. However, by taking care of your blood sugar levels and your eyes, you can prevent vision loss.

Annual eye exams are recommended for everyone, but routine screenings are even more important for diabetics. Eye doctors may send diabetic eye health reports to a patient’s primary care physician or internist to adjust medication as needed to prevent complications.

What's the Link Between Vision and Diabetes? 

Blurred vision or fluctuating eyesight clarity is often one of the first noticeable signs that diabetes has begun to affect your eyes. Sometimes, fluid leaking into the eye causes the lens to swell and change shape. This, in turn, makes it difficult for the eyes to focus, resulting in fuzzy vision. Such symptoms can indicate that an eye disease is developing, or may simply be due to imbalanced blood sugar levels which can be rectified by getting your blood sugar back to healthy levels. 

If you start to notice blurry vision, make an appointment with Dr. Billy J. Cook as soon as possible.

The 3 Ways Diabetes Impacts Vision 

Cataracts

While cataracts are extremely common and a part of the natural aging process, those with diabetes tend to develop cataracts earlier in life. Characterized by a clouding or fogging of the lens within the eye, cataracts impede light from entering the eye, causing blurred vision and glares. The best treatment is cataract surgery, which is very safe and effective. 

Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases characterized by optic nerve damage. Since it tends to impact peripheral vision first, glaucoma often goes unnoticed until significant damage has occurred. However, routine glaucoma screenings can detect warning signs; early treatment can prevent disease progression and vision loss. 

Although there is no true cure for glaucoma, most glaucoma patients successfully manage it with special eye drops, medication, and on occasion, laser treatment or other surgery. The earlier glaucoma is diagnosed and managed, the better the outcome.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels on your retina (capillaries) become weakened and then balloon (microaneurysm) due to poorly controlled blood sugar levels. The resulting poor blood circulation in the back of the eye causes more abnormal blood vessels to grow, which also bleed or leak fluid, and can lead to scar tissue, retinal detachment and even blindness, over time.

Often there are no symptoms until the advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy, where patients may begin to see spots and missing patches in their vision. Retinopathy can be treated through surgery and eye injections, but the best way to prevent this disease from progressing is to regularly have your eyes screened.

The good news is that diabetic eye disease can often be prevented with early detection, proper management of your diabetes and regular diabetic eye exams. Contact Vision Health Specialties in Midland to set up your eye doctor’s appointment today. 

x

The pandemic of coronavirus (COVID 19) continues to spread endangering many of us who call Midland/Odessa home. While the number of cases in Texas is growing rapidly, so far there are few cases in our area. At Vision Health Specialties it is our goal to keep it that way.

Because eye care by necessity requires close contact between workers and patients, the Center for Disease Control along with other eye care specialty organizations recommend that during this critical period eye doctors suspend routine vision examinations. In complying with this, Vision Health Specialties will terminate routine eye care beginning Monday, March 23‎rd until Monday, April 20th. We will be open from 9:00 till 4:00 PM during this period of time with a small staff to handle urgencies such as red eyes, corneal ulcers, uveitis, abrasions, sudden increases in floaters, or flashes, and foreign bodies in the eye. Please call our office before coming in. Furthermore, those who have traveled to China, Italy, South Korea, Japan, Iran, or the state of Washington, California, New York, Louisiana and/or other affected areas, as well as those who have respiratory disease, and/or fever, will be referred to the emergency department of Midland Memorial Hospital where they are equipped to handle those at risk of coronavirus.